( Quick Links By Name )

( Names with an asterick ( * ) behind their name served as First Ladies )


|  Sarah Polk*  |  Margaret Taylor*  |  Abigail Fillmore*  |  Jane Pierce*  |  Harriet Lane*  |  Mary Lincoln*  |

|  Eliza Johnson*  |  Julia Grant*  |  Lucy Hayes*  |  Lucretia Garfield*  |


" Words and names in "bright blue" lettering below are clickable links "



Sarah (Childress) Polk
" 13th First Lady of the United States "
( Served - March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849 )


Date & place of birth:
Sarah Polk
( Official Portrait )

     September 4, 1803, Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     August 14, 1891, Nashville, Tennesse - unknown cause - 87

Place of burial:
     State Capitol Grounds, Nashville, Tennessee

Parents:
     Col. Joel & Elizabeth (Whitsett) Childress

Married:
     
James Knox Polk - on January 1, 1824
     Children:
          None

Education:
     Danil Elam School

Facts:

  • Gaslights were installed in the White House while she was First Lady
  • Host the first annual White House Thanksgiving dinner

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to view the "President James K. Polk" Website
     "Click Here" - to view the "Ancestral Home" of President Polk
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Sarah Polk"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Polk"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President James Knox Polk
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Sarah (Childress) Polk

James Knox Polk
( Official Portrait )



Margaret Mackall (Smith) Taylor
" 14th First Lady of the United States "
( Served - March 4, 1849 to July 9, 1850 )


Date & place of birth:
Margaret Taylor

     September 21, 1788, Calvert County, Maryland

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     August 18, 1852, East Pascagoula, Mississippi - unknown - 63

Place of burial:
     Louisville, Kentucky

Parents:
     Walter & Ann (Mackall) Smith

Married:
     
Zachary Taylor - on June 21, 1810
     Children:
          Anne Margaret Mackall
               ( Apr. 9, 1811 - Dec. 2, 1875, m. an army surgeon )
          Sarah Knox
               ( Mar. 6, 1814 - Sep. 15, 1835, m. Jefferson Davis, Confederate President )
          Octavia Pannel
               ( Aug. 16, 1816 - Jul. 8, 1820, died of malaria )
          Margaret Smith
                ( Jul. 27, 1819 - Oct. 22, 1820, died of malaria )
          Mary Elizabeth
               ( Apr. 20, 1824 - Jul. 26, 1909, m. a Bliss, m. a Dandridge )
          Richard
               ( Jan. 27, 1826 - Apr. 12, 1879 - became a Confedrate General )

Education:
     No formal education

Facts:

  • Her daughter Sarah Knox Taylor married Confederate President Jefferson Davis - (died before he became President)

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Taylor"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Zachary Taylor
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Margaret Mackall (Smith) Taylor

Zachary Taylor
( Official Portrait )



Abigail (Powers) Fillmore
" 15th First Lady of the United States "
( July 10, 1850 to March 3, 1853 )


Date & place of birth:
Abigail Fillmore

     March 13, 1798, Stillwater, Saratoga County, New York

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     March 30, 1853, Willard Hotel, Washington D.C. - pneumonia - 55

Place of burial:
     Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York

Parents:
     Rev. Lemuel & Abigail (Newland) Powers

Married:
     
Millard Fillmore - on February 5, 1826
     Children:
          Millard Powers
               ( Apr. 25, 1828 - Nov. 15, 1889, never married )
          Mary Abigail
               ( Mar. 27, 1832 - Jul. 26, 1854, died of cholera at age of 22, Never married )

Education:
     No formal education

Facts:

  • 1st First Lady to have a job outside the home after marriage
  • Started the White House Library
  • In the White House she enlarged the heating system, repapered the walls and added an iron range to the kitchen.

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Fillmore"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Millard Fillmore
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Abigail (Powers) Fillmore

Millard Fillmore
( Official Portrait )



Jane Means (Appleton) Pierce
" 16th First Lady of the United States "
( March 4, 1853 to March 3, 1857 )


Date & place of birth:
Jane Pierce

     March 12, 1806, Hampton, New Hampshire

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     December 2, 1863, Andover, Massachusetts - unknown - 57

Place of burial:
     Old North Cemetery, Concord, New Hampshire

Parents:
     Rev. Jesse & Elizabeth (Means) Appleton

Married:
     
Franklin Pierce - on November 19, 1834
     Children:
          Franklin, Jr.
               ( Feb. 2, 1836 - Feb. 5, 1836, 3 days old )
          Frank Robert
               ( Aug. 27, 1839 - Nov. 14, 1843, died of typhus fever, Age 4 )
          Benjamin
               ( April 13, 1841 - Jan. 16, 1853, killed in a train accident, Age 11 )

Education:
     No formal education

Facts:

  • 1st First Lady to have a Christmas tree in the White House
  • Had the first furnace installed in the White House
  • Had the first bathtub installed in the White House

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to view "Pierce Manse", President Pierce's home
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Pierce"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Franklin Pierce
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Jane Means (Appleton) Pierce

Franklin Pierce
( Official Portrait )



Harriet Lane
" 17th First Lady of the United States "
" Niece of President Buchanan "
( March 4, 1857 to March 3, 1861 )


Date & place of birth:
Harriet Lane

     May 9, 1830, Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     January 13, 1903 - Narragansett Pier, Rhode Island - unknown cause - 73

Place of burial:
     Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore, Md

Parents:
     Unknown

Married:
     Henry Elliott Johnston - on January 11, 1866
     Children:
          Two sons - possibly more

Education:
     Visitation Convent

Facts:

  • With her husband she founded the Choir School of Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul in Washington D.C.
  • With her husband she founded the Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children, John Hopkins Hospital, in Baltimore, Maryland
  • She left a very large collection of art that she acquired from all over the world to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. These pieces of art were the start of the National Art Gallery in Washington D.C.

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     
"Click Here" - to view "Wheatland", where she was married
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of Harriet Lane Johnston"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Buchanan"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Harriet Lane
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President James Buchanan

James Buchanan
( Official Portrait )



Mary Ann (Todd) Lincoln
" 18th First Lady of the United States "
( March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865 )


Date & place of birth:
Mary Lincoln

     December 13, 1818, Lexington, Kentucky

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     July 16, 1882, Springfield, Illinois - unknown - 63

Place of burial:
     Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois

Parents:
     Robert Smith & Eliza Ann (Parker) Todd

Married:
     
Abraham Lincoln - on November 4, 1842
     Children:
          Robert Todd
               ( Aug. 1, 1843 - Jul. 25, 1926, m. Mary Harlan )
          Edward Baker
               ( Mar. 10, 1846 - Feb. 1, 1850, Age 3 )
          William Wallace "Willie"
               ( Dec. 21, 1850 - Feb. 20, 1862, died of pneumonia, Age 11 )
          Thomas "Tad"
               ( Apr. 4, 1853 - Jul. 15, 1871, died of diphtheria )

Education:
     John Ward's Seminary

Facts:

  • Her husband went through a deep depression because of what Mary would be giving up to marry him
  • She worked with the Contraband Society, an organization formed to find jobs and homes for displaced African-Americans.

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to view the "Lincoln's Home" in Springfield, Illinois
     "Click Here" - to view "President Lincoln's birthplace"
     "Click Here" - to view "Abraham Lincoln's Assassination", By Roger Norton
     "Click Here" - to view "Ford's Theatre", where President Lincoln was shot
     "Click Here" - to view "Peterson's Boarding House", where President Lincoln died
     "Click Here" - to view the "Historic Lincoln places" website
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Mary Lincoln"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Lincoln"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Abraham Lincoln
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Mary (Todd) Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
( Official Portrait )



Eliza (McCardle) Johnson
"19th First Lady of the United States "
( April 15, 1865 to March 3, 1869 )


Date & place of birth:
Eliza Johnson
( Official Portrait )

     October 4, 1810, Greeneville, Tennessee

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     January 15, 1876 - unknown - unknown - 65

Place of burial:
     Greeneville, Tennessee

Parents:
     John & Sarah (Phillis) McCardle

Married:
     
Andrew Johnson - on May 17, 1827
     Children:
          Martha
               ( Oct. 25, 1828 - Jul. 10, 1901 )
          Charles
               ( Feb. 19, 1830 - Apr. 4, 1863, died at thirty-three in a horse accident )
          Mary
               ( May 8, 1832 - Apr. 19, 1883, m. Daniel Stover, m. a Brown - divorced )
          Robert
               ( Feb. 22, 1834 - Apr. 22, 1869, Colonel in the Union army, never married - committed suicide )
          Andrew
               ( Aug. 6, 1852 - Mar. 12, 1879, m. Bessie May Kumbaugh )

Education:
     No formal education

Facts:

  • She was only 16 years old when they were married

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to visit the "Andrew Johnson National Historic Site", his home
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Eliza Johnson"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Johnson"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Andrew Johnson
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Eliza (McCardle) Johnson

Andrew Johnson
( Official Portrait )



Julia (Dent) Grant
" 20th First Lady of the United States "
( March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1877 )


Date & place of birth:
Julia Grant

     January 26, 1826, St. Louis County, Missouri

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     December 14, 1902 - Washington, D.C. - unknown - 76

Place of burial:
     Grants Tomb, Riverside Drive, New York City, New York

Parents:
     Col. Frederick & Ellen Bray Wrenshall Dent

Married:
     
Hiram Ulysses Grant - on August 22, 1848
     Children:
          Frederick Dent
               ( May 30, 1850 - Apr. 11, 1912, m. Ida Marie Honore, became a General )
          Ulysses Simpson
               ( Jul. 22, 1852 - Sep. 25, 1929 )
          Ellen Wrenshall
               ( Jul. 4, 1855 - Aug. 30, 1922, m. Algernon Charles Satoris in the White House, divorced, m. name unknown )
          Jesse Root
               ( Feb. 6, 1858 - Jun. 8, 1934, m. two times, names unknown, ran for President )

Education:
     No formal education

Facts:

  • She ordered new rugs, furniture and gave the White House a thorough cleaning
  • Smoking in the White House was forbidden by her, except for the President’s cigars
  • The china ordered by Mrs. Grant, with a yellow border and flowers in the center, still remain among the handsomest in White House history
  • During Julia Grant’s eight-year tenure, the White House was restored to the center of Washington’s social life
  • The Grants took a two and a half year world tour after leaving the White House
  • She also wrote her own memoirs – the first First Lady to do so

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to read "Grant, in his own words"
     "Click Here" - to visit the "Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site", President Grant's Home
     "Click Here" - to visit the "U.S. Grant Network" website
     "Click Here" - to visit "U.S. Grant's Birthplace", Point Pleasant, Ohio
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Julia Grant"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Grant"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Ulysses Simpson Grant
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Julia (Dent) Grant

Hiram Ulysses Grant
( Official Portrait )



Lucy Ware (Webb) Hayes
" 21st First Lady of the United States "
( March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1881 )


Date & place of birth:
Lucy Hayes
( Official Portrait )

     August 28, 1831, Chillicothe, Ohio

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     June 25, 1889 - Fremont, Ohio - Stroke - 57

Place of burial:
     Spiegel Grove Cemetery, Fremont, Ohio

Parents:
     Dr. James & Maria (Cook) Webb

Married:
     
Rutherford B. Hayes - on December 30, 1852
     Children:
          Birchard Austin
               ( Nov. 4, 1853 - Jan. 24, 1926, m. Mary Sherman )
          James Webb Cook
               ( Mar. 20, 1856 - Jul. 26, 1934, m. Mary Otis Miller )
          Rutherford Platt
               ( Jun. 24, 1858 - Jul. 21, 1927, m. Lucy Hayes Platt, his cousin )
          Joseph Thompson
               ( Dec. 21, 1861 - Jun. 24, 1863, died of dysentery, Age 2 )
          George Crook
               ( Sep. 29, 1864 - May 24, 1866, died of scarlet fever, Age 1 )
          Fanny
               ( Sep. 2, 1867 - Mar. 18, 1950, m. Harry Eaton Smith )
          Scott Russell
               ( Feb. 8, 1871 - May 26, 1923, m. Maude Anderson, died of cancer )
          Manning Force
               ( Aug. 1, 1873 - Aug. 28, 1874, Age 1 )

Education:
     Wesleyan Female College, Cincinnati, Ohio

Facts:

  • 1st First Lady to be called "First Lady"
  • 1st First Lady to have graduated from college
  • 1st White House telephone was installed, by Alexander Graham Bell himself, during the Hayes administration
  • The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn was conducted by Lucy and Rutherford Hayes
  • The homeless often came to the White House where Lucy’s generous spirit made sure they were fed and given money

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to visit the "Rutherford B. Hayes Presidental Center"
     "Click Here" - to visit the "Home of President & First Lady Hayes"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Hayes"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Hayes"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President Rutherford Birchard Hayes
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Lucy Ware (Webb) Hayes
     "Click Here" - to visit the "Lucy Ware Hayes Website"

Rutherford B. Hayes
( Official Portrait )



Lucretia (Rudolph) Garfield
" 22nd First Lady of the United States "
( March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881 )


Date & place of birth:
Lucretia Garfield
( Official Portrait )

     April 19, 1832 - Garrettsville, Ohio

Date, place, cause & age at death:
     March 14, 1918 - Pasadena, California - unknown - 85

Place of burial:
     Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio

Parents:
     Zebulon & Arabella (Mason) Rudolph

Married:
     
James Abram Garfield - on November 11, 1858
     Children:
          Eliza Arabella
               ( Jul. 3, 1860 - Dec. 3, 1863, died of diphtheria, Age 3 )
          Harry Augustus
               ( Oct. 11, 1863 - Dec. 12, 1942, m. Belle Hartford Mason )
          James Rudolf
               ( Oct. 17, 1865 - Mar. 24, 1950, m. Helen Newell, Sec. of the Interior for President Theodore Roosevelt )
          Mary
               ( Jan. 16, 1867 - Dec. 30, 1947, m. name unknown )
          Irvin McDowell
               ( Aug. 3, 1870 - Jul. 18, 1951, m. Susan Emmons, became a successful Lawyer )
          Abram
               ( Nov. 21, 1872 - Oct. 16, 1958, m. Sarah Granger, m. Helen Grannis )
          Edward
               ( Dec. 25, 1874 - Oct. 25, 1876, died of the whooping cough, Age 1 )

Education:
     Western Reserve Electic College

Facts:

  • Was a teacher in Cleveland, Ravenna, Chagrin Falls and Bryan, Ohio

Famous Quote:
     "None Known"

Links:
     "Click Here" - to visit "Lawnfield", President & First Lady Garfield's home
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of First Lady Lucretia Garfield"
     "Click Here" - to view the "Grave of President Garfield"
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of President James Abram Garfield
     "Click Here" - for a "Biography" of First Lady Lucretia (Rudolph) Garfield

James Abram Garfield
( Official Portrait )


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Last modified: 9/9/2007